- Fenugreek seed is a very hard seed that, when ground, adds a nutty flavor and hints of maple. Common in curries and flatbreads of India, and also a component of the Ethiopian spice mix Berbere, fenugreek can be toasted prior to use to enhance the nutty flavor and aroma of the seed.
- Oil: A rich well drained loamy soil is best suited for fenugreek cultivation.
- Climate: Cool and comparatively dry, frost free climate
- Seed rate: 12 kg/ha is required
- Seed treatment: Treated with Azospirillum 1.5 kg/ha + Trichoderma viride @ 50 g/ha for 12 kg of seeds
- Field preparation and sowing:
- Prepare the main field to a fine tilth.
- Add FYM 20 - 25 t/ha before last ploughing. Form beds and channels of 3.5 x 1.5 m.
- Seeds are sown at a spacing of 20 X 15 cm. Spray pre-emergence herbicide Fluchloralin 700 ml in 500 lit of water per ha.
- Basal- FYM 20 - 25 t/ha and N, P, K at 30:25:40 kg/ha.
- Top dressing- 20 kg of N at 30 days after sowing.
- Pusa early bunching
- Lam selection 1
- Raajendra kranti etc.
Plant protection :
Root rot :
Root rot can be controlled by soil application of Neem cake @ 150 g/ha and seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 4g/kg of seed and drenching with Carbendazim 0.5 g/l or Copper oxychloride 2 g/litre.
- Irrigation: First irrigation is given immediately after sowing, second on the third day and subsequently at 7 - 10 days intervals.
- Aftercultivation: Plants are thinned at 20 - 25 days after sowing and the thinned seedlings are used as greens. One pinching at a height of about 4” will encourage branching.Weeding is done as and when necessary.